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1

( ) , ( ), ( , ).

to be be ( 1).

1

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) , . . :

) , , , [9].

. , . .

. . [6] , , , . :

1.  , : The banning of taxi tips and the increasing of fares by equivalent amounts is to be suggested in the Commons tomorrow. - .

2.  - , :

Such a state of things cannot be put up with. - .

3.  , : , :

Senator John Quincy neither sought nor was offered political alliances or influence. - , .

. . . . . :

1.  , , .

: to arrive at , ( ), to call upon -., to deal with , , to enter into ( . .), to refer to , to report on , , to dictate to , , to tell (smth.), to give (smth.) to .;

2.  , .

: to affect , to attend , to follow , to influence , to join , to need , to treat , to refuse -., , to resist .;

3.  . , .

: to make use of, to pay attention to, to take notice of .

:

;

-;

;

;

.

Specific English . . . . . .:

-, , - , , .

: to give , to grant , to offer , to pay , to promise , to show , to tell , to teach .

She was given a cup of tea. - .

was offered a trip abroad. - .

-, , , , . , . , , , - to be , .

is difficult to deal with. - ;

Such thoughts are hard to live with. - .

, , . . . . ., :

to allow, to permit, to ask, to award, to deny, to give, to forgive, to grant, to invite, to offer, to order, to command, to pay, to promise, to refuse, to show, to tell, to teach , , .

, , , (to follow, to influence, to answer, to join, to affect), - - . , .

The public figures were followed by a great crowd. - .

it -, :

- : it is said, it is thought, it is believed, it is reported ..

It is widely believed that there is no other way for the country but to initiate democratic reforms. , .

: to make use of, to pay attention to, to take notice of, :

Close attention is being paid to the pending negotiations. .

Langust [10] , . :

:

The defendant was acquitted. - .

- :

The defendant was acquitted. - .

:

The report was followed by a long debate. - .

:

The delegation is expected to arrive tomorrow. - , .

one, we, you, they people :

Is that the old lady who lives in the house by the church? That's right. They say she's sharp, said Tiddler. - , ? - . - , , - .

, .

A. B. [7] . :

2

 - , - , , - :            ;            . -, - :            The winner was envied;            The man was laughed at. , . :            - : The book was spoken about. - .            , ( ), by. The book was much spoken about by the student. - . ( ) : . . , (to give, to pay, to order, to tell, to show .): The professor gave him book.- was given a book or A book was given to him by the professor. :            - ( ): was given a book. - .            ( ): was given a book by the professor. . : to enter a room - , to join a party - , to follow the man - :            - ( by): The room was entered. - .            ( ): The room was entered by several men. - .

. . .

1.         , , .. ( ):

The ship was built at this shipyard. - .

2.         , -:

The ship was built at this shipyard. - .

3.         - ( 3- ) :

I was asked to do it. - .

4.         ( ):

Our delegation was welcomed by the audience. - .[1]

. ., . . 4 . . :

2

 Must (should) + Infinitive Passive an (may) + Infinitive Passive Cannot + Infinitive Passive Must not + Infinitive Passive , , ,

3

(. . , ), ( ) - :

I was shown the new photographs. - ;

, , , :

 to advise to order to aid to permit , to assist to precede to deny () to promise to give , to refuse to forbid to send , to forgive to show to help to tell , to inform to threaten to oppose , to ask (), to send to avoid to see to oppose to teach , , to admire to own , to ignore

4 ,

, (, ), , - :

The new discovery was much spoken about. - ;

The visitors were looked at with great interest. - .

:

This language was spoken five hundred years ago. - .

5 ,

. . , :

to make use (of)

to pay attention (to)

. , , , to make use of ( ):

Use was made of the following examples. - .

( ), ; :

The following examples were made use of.

6

, , it, :

The material, it will be observed, contains many examples of this kind. - , , .

. . [8]. :

1

S+Vf pass+(Prep)...+({'by'|'with'}...)

, .

, .

- , , .

The seminar was attended by all the participants. - . .

- , . .

This method has been referred to in an earlier paper. . .

: , , .

2:

2a:

S+Vf pass+{DO|Vinf}...+({'by'|'with'}...)

, . :

He was asked to participate in the conference. - .

2b:

S+Vf pass+DO+Prep+({'by'|'with'}...)

, .

Physiological functions of the organism is taken account of. - .

2:

S+Vf pass+Prep+DO+({'by'|'with'}...)

, .

Account is taken of physiological functions of the organism. - ..

3:

N+Vf III+(Prep)...

3 , III, . , .. , , :

The hypothesis proposed (by Prof. X) accounts for all the experimental observations made.

( ) .

4:

N+Vf III1+(Prep)+Vf III2+(Prep)...

, III, , . .

The hypothesis proposed agreed with experimental observation. - ;

For some time scientists remained interested in the problem. - (.: ) .

5:

N1+Vf III1+(Prep)+...+Vf III2+(Prep)...+N2+...

, , , .. , , 4 - , .

.

The institute installed modernized equipment. - ;

The equipment installed modernized our laboratory too. - .

:

1.  , , ;

2.  , ;

3.  . , .

. , , . . . :

;

- ;

;

.

, ( ) , , . , - , , - , .

.

Bran . , , , .

:

:

Developing businesses grow relatively slowly and are strongly connected with, if not owned by, local families. - , , ;

Bran-Imex is owned and operated by the family. - Bran-Imex , ANTREC, ;

Many of Romania's present foreign visitors are classed as 'visiting friends and relatives'. - , .

- :

Throughout the 1980's imports were totally restricted and domestic consumption fell along with supply. - 1980- , ;

This demographic problem is compounded by a natural fall in population in many areas anyway as policy to increase the birthrate ceases to influence families. - , , .

:

Land and livestock were simply appropriated by the State. - ;

These people are bused in by tour companies from Brasov Town, from the resort of Poiana Brasov. - Brasov, Poiana Brasov.

:

Rural tourism is broadly defined as extended leisure time spent living and relaxing in the identified area of countryside. - ;

The restoration of the Country's agrarian social and economic systems was seen as a priority in the establishment of reforms in post-revolution 1990, not solely to restore food supplies at community level but also as an essential element in its cultural renaissance. - - 1990-, , , ;

 accessibility , acquire , , assertive word augment , ; ; bidet blaster , cease , ; diversification , () escapism encompass gliding land restitution perception ; , pursue , , -., , reluctance restrict , rural systematization sequestrate , , squalid orphanage tertiary vague , ,

1.  . . // Specific English ( ). - : , 1977

2.  . . , . . // ( ). : , 2003

3.  . // .- -: , 1970

4.  . . , . . // . : , 1972

5.  . . // . - : , 1982

6.  . . // [Electronic resource]. Mode of access: http://www.philosoft.ru/_subsites/tcportal/perevod/tr02_1.htm. - Date of access: 12.11.2009.

7.  . . // [Electronic resource]. Mode of access: http://englishreview.avmoskalenko.ru/Trans/tr_pass.htm. - Date of access: 12.11.2009.

8.  // [Electronic resource]. Mode of access: http://irikha.com/library.php?page=28&clause=083. - Date of access: 13.11.2009.

9.  Langust // [Electronic resource]. Mode of access: http://www.langust.ru/unit_ur/ureg_075.shtml#top. - Date of access: 13.11.2009.

1.  - . . // .. . , 1995

2.  - . 2- , , - .: , 2003

3.  .. . - , .: , 2000

4.  .., .. - , .: , 1993

5.  .. - = English-Russian dictionary of abbreviations in economics/ .: , 2004

6.  , .. - ( ). ., 1994

7.  .. - . , 1992

8.  .. - . , 1961

9.  ABBYY Lingvo12

10.  Webster's Third New International Dictionary of the English Language. G & G. Merriam Co., 1976

[1] , , .