. , , ,

,,,

쳿

:

:

11-

96

, ó () .

nH2n+1OH


CH3OH

|

H C O H -

|

H 3

25

͠

| |

H C O H -

| |

H H 3 CH2


.


͠ δ- δ+

: : :

͠

͠ δ- δ+

: : : :

͠


49 :


4 3 2 1

3 2 2 2 H

1

4 3 1 1

3 2 3

|

OH

- 2

CH3 CH CH2 OH

|

CH3

2- -1

CH3

1 2 | 3

3 3

|

OH

2- -2


Գ

, , , , . 650 , 780 .

, . .

ճ :
1.                  ()

23 + 32 → 2O2 + 4 H2O ▲H=715 /

2.                 

O

|| ||

25 3 3

-2 | -2Π

C

3.     

2CH3CH2 + 2 Na→2CH3CH2O Na + H2

4.     

3 2 + + ͠ l→C3 2 l

5.     

25 →(t 2700) C2 =2+2O

6. .

O O

|| ||

3 + HO C2H5 ↔(t0,k,t) CH3 C +H2O

| |

OH C2H5

7.

225 →(t0,k,t) 25 Ζ 2H5 O C2H5 + H2O

1.     

2.     

+22 →(t0,R,k,t)CH3OH

1.      ó

3 22Cl + H2O →CH3 CH2OH + HCl

2.      ³

O

||

3 + H2→CH5CH2OH

|

H

3.     

6126 →() 25 + 22

ó

4.      ó

1.     

2.     

3.     

4.      , .

쳿 : : 11- 96

 

 

 

! , , , .
. , :